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Drowning

BY Relay EMS

Babies are very vulnerable to drowning accidents, even in what – for adults – seems to be shallow water. They don’t have the strength to lift their heads. If performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on a baby, don’t use forceful breaths – rather, breathe gentle puffs of air into the baby’s nose and mouth Twice, in between chest compressions and observe the chest rise as you deliver the breaths.


But what happens once you’ve got a drowning child back on dry land?


Reviving a person involves mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If you have a CPR mouthpiece in your first aid kit, please use it – it will keep both you and the patient safe.


While RELAY EMS is on the way to assist you:

  1. Determine if the patient is breathing and feel for a pulse.
  2. If the patient is not breathing, begin with mouth-to-mouth breathing.
  3. Give two breaths into the mouth, pinching the patient’s nose – this will force air into the lungs and prevent it from escaping through the nose.
  4. Following the two breaths, if there is no pulse that you can feel, start with chest compressions.
  5. After 30 compressions, give two more breaths.
  6. Repeat the cycle five times before feeling for a pulse or looking for signs of breathing.

 

Once the child starts to breathe or cough, take them to the hospital immediately, unless the ambulance is already on the way.


When doing chest compressions, to get the correct placement for your hands on the chest, draw two imaginary lines, one vertically along the breast-bone and one running horizontally between the patients’ nipples (this should more or less fall on the fourth rib). Where the two lines cross, place your hands and start doing compressions.


Remember the RELAY EMS call centre can give you telephonic advice on how to rescue a child in this scenario, so don’t put the phone down until the paramedics arrive.


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 April 25, 2017
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